Similarly, the computers in the network can be mainframes, minicomputers or microcomputers. The judiciary and other administrative services can also take the help of technology to make work easier and faster. With roughly two-third of the world economy based on services, and the rise of India, Philippines, and other nations as global IT players, many developing countries Following are the major features as well as advantages of Information Technology − 1. 3. Connection is done by: Broadband – services which are provided by Digital subscriber line (DSL), cable satellite connections and T lines. Participation of public in governance and policy making. Now, people of remote areas can also use technology for their children’s education and also avail the benefits of adult education. However the internet policies are established by a number of professional organisations and government bodies including the (IAB) Internet Architecture Board that helps define the overall structure of the NET, the Internet Corporation for assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), assigns IP addresses and the World Wide Web Consortium which sets Hypertext Mark-up Language (HTML) and other programming standards for the web. When participating in a news program you need to have a news reader program that lets you read articles that have been posted on a news server. Every computer on the net is assigned a unique Internet Protocol (IP) address. The Basics – What is Information? 4. The Rules under the Amended Act have also been framed, which became effective from […] Characteristics of technology Technology is defined as “purposeful intervention by design ”, and technological practice as the activity through which technological outcomes are created and have impact in the world. Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. 2. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Information technology is disrupting the business world. Since the processes in the example above occur wit… The microprocessor or the CPU acts as the brain of the computer; another part is the random access memory (RAM). It gave legal approval to electronic business transactions. 6. The growth and progress of every sector of the country today depends on the level of Information Technology. The scale, scope, and functionality of ERP systems vary widely. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Information Technology The terms information technology and computer science cover similar areas. T1 and T3 are international telephone standards for digital communications. For example, a new order automatically initiates a credit check, queries product availability, and updates the distribution schedule. The advantages of IT include work place cost-effectiveness and essential globalization. No single organization owns or manages all the resources in the Internet. 1. A newsgroup’s name indicates its user’s special topic of interest such as clothes, shoes, food etc. With the patient portals, users can practically see everything one would find in an EHR, including patient history, treatments, and medications. The Internet is based on the TCP/IP networking protocol suite. Due to the advancements in technology, increasingly more companies are employing remote teams and expanding their operations. It Though the diagram given above is not inclusive, as it does not include every aspect and application of information technology, but it comprehensively covers the major aspects. The development is mainly observed in the form of dedicated software applications and a number of hardware programs. The World Wide Web Know as WWW is part of the internet that supports hypertext documents allowing users to access and navigate different types of data. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! It includes the hardware, software, databases, networks, and other electronic devices. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Fast economic development. In our study, the information and communication technology education is a system of methods, techniques, tools to create pedagogical conditions on the basis of computer equipment, telecommunications equipment and interactive software that simulate some of the functions of the teacher on the submission, transmission and collection of information, organization and control of cognitive … Your dumb terminal or very old PC can run programs on the world’s most powerful computers. The regional networks lease access to Internet Service Providers (ISPs), private companies, and government institutions. Computers in the Internet fall into two basic categories: host (servers) and terminals (browser). However, most ERP software features the following characteristics: 1. • Information is data processed for some purpose • Information can only be considered to be 'real' Info if it meets certain criteria i.e. 4. You can view samples of our professional work here. 13th Jul 2017 Information technology is a study of the design, implementation, development, management, and support of computer-based information systems that assist with supporting business operational needs within an … What are the characteristics of a technologically enabled organization? A procedure for the appointment of adjudicating officers for holding inquiries under the Act is finalized Study for free with our range of university lectures! Looking for a flexible role? Rather, it is collectively owned and managed by thousands of organizations from around the world. Patient Portal. Such a plan shall cover whole gamut of users, in and outside the organisation, and shall have multi level access con­trols and security features. This time period marked the beginning of IT as an officially defined area of business; in fact, this article probably coined the term. Large-scale dissemination of e-governance. Good information is relevant for its purpose, sufficiently accurate for its purpose, complete enough for the problem, reliable and targeted to … Information technology (IT) is the use of any computers, storage, networking and other physical devices, infrastructure and processes to create, process, store, secure and exchange all forms of electronic data. An ISP is an organisation that provides bandwidth services at some cost to clients who wish to have internet connections in their homes or offices. As discussed above, with the help of technology, police can arrest criminals and criminal activities; at the same time, technology has also opened the door for criminals as well to practice smart criminal activity. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. It is made up of thousands of interconnected computer networks (a network is a group of computers connected together). Local connection lines are owned by regional telephone and cable television companies in the United States that connect retail users in homes and business to internet. Now, most schools offer online classes that can be accessed on computers or laptops, tablets, and even mobile phones. Before we dive in too far, let’s define what health information technology actually is. These HTML tags allow designers to link contents via hyperlinks. Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data or information.IT is typically used within the context of business operations as opposed to personal or entertainment technologies. The Internet also consists of domain naming system which stands for DNS. Role of Science & Technology in Today’s Life, India: Development of Science & Technology, Science & Technology Notes for UPSC IAS Prelims. The main components of information systems are computer hardware and software, telecommunications, databases and data warehouses, human resources, and procedures. Now, people of remote areas can also use technology for their children’s education and also avail the benefits of adult education. By understanding the growing demand and applications of Information Technology, the Government of India passed the bill of Information Technology in 2000, which came to be known as the Information Technology Act, 2000. A busy student at work can easily check in … News is another major feature of the internet. Development of remote areas. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! However, it comes with its own disadvantages −. This is also known as Electronic Mail and it is the reason most people stay on the internet. The Internet also known as the Net and is also a worldwide network of computers. The distinguish­ing features of business information systems are as follows: (a) The purpose of business information system is to cater to the information needs for decision making in business. With the inception of the email facility people can create, send and receive email messages to one another around the globe using an email program with an email account on the internet mail server. Once the order is shipped, the invoice is sent. There is no master or slave relation in the Net – all users have equal standing. Telnet follows a Client / Server Model. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. The salient features of the information technology Act, 2000 may briefly be stated as follows :-- 1. Following are the major features as well as advantages of Information Technology −. Furthermore, technology is not important only at the work place, but also in our everyday life; whether it is working with the microwave oven which is a cooking appliance or a super computer, an appliance is based on information technology, technology helps everywhere. 2. Technological outcomes are designed to enhance the capabilities of people and expand human possibilities. Users connect to the internet by subscribing to an Internet Service Provider commonly known as an (ISP). IT infrastructure shall isolate the technology from the end user environment, providing flexibility to change technology without … IT is considered to be a subset of information and communications technology (ICT). Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. The hardware, software, and telecommunications constitute information technology (IT), which is now ingrained in the operations and management of organizations. Essay on the Salient Features of the Information Technology Act, 2000. Currently the Web is viewed mainly as a tool for allowing access to a large amount of “published” information. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Theoretically you have a lot of power at your fingertips. This is the physical technology that works with information. How does an Organization acquire & disseminal knowledge? 3. How does strategic planning differ between a Read more about Information Technology … Every web page has an address which is a Uniform Resource Locator which stands for (URL). Enterprise-wide integration. Why do you suppose inquiry – only applications were developed instead of fully on lines system? It facilitates e-governance and e-commerce by providing equal legal treatment to users. Public participation in governance and policy development. Information and communications technology is an extremely active field. 5. Information technology refers to the study and development of a support-management based, computerized information system. Information Technology, or IT, also cited as Information Service (IS) or Management Information Service (MIS), can be defined as the development, design, study, implementation and management of computer related information.It can also be defined as the use of computer – hardware and software – to manage information. Technology helps the police in nabbing the criminals. Business processes are integrated end to end across departments and business units. It stores information that the … The internet is not owned by any state or organisation and it has no formal management. Information Technology in Business. Here are some features of healthcare information technology. Telnet lets you connect directly to another computer on the Internet and run programs on the computer (provided you have access permission (Username and Password). Free resources to assist you with your university studies! It includes hundreds of newsgroup each newsgroup hosts discussion on a specific topic. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. There are chances that children can misuse technology and take a wrong path. A network in the Internet can be large (consisting of thousands of computers), medium (consisting of hundreds of computers) or small (consisting of just a few computers). Some distorted and perverted minds use technology to demean or defame someone unethically and also illegally. In the broadest sense, All work is written to order. What kind of technology is least flexible? Besides, there are many other advantages too that can be availed in our everyday life only with the further development of information technology. The Act instructs banks to maintain electronic record and facilitate electronic fund transfer. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Although their meanings overlap a lot, their focus is different. It also sets up a Cyber Law Appellate Tribunal. Integrated Service Digital Network (ISDN) ISDN is a set of communication standards that simultaneously transmits voice, video, data, and other network services in digital form over the traditional circuits of the public switched telephone network. These are basically not demerits but rather the misuse of technology. Likewise, Information Technology is one of the essential features for the overall development of a country. Reference this. The Internet also known as the Net and is also a worldwide network of computers. Dan is the owner of a tutoring company. They leased dedicated lines suitable for business or government agencies to secure guaranteed service levels. The (DNS) converts IP addresses to domain names . No plagiarism, guaranteed! Typically, IT is used in the context of enterprise operations as opposed to personal or entertainment technologies. Information technology plays a key role in students being able to keep their jobs and go to school. The box contains many electronic components that process information, the central processing units (CPU) is one of the main components. Information technology, in its narrow definition, refers to the technological side of an information system. However, the major advantage of the information technology is providing the information security to the data that is used in the transmission of the data or producing the new technical products. 5. It is also a web document that is encoded with HTML tags. The Internet must also conform to the laws of the nation-states in which it operates as well as the technical infrastructure that exist within the nation-states. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Information Technology is like a boon on the society. Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is viewed as both a means and an end for development. It increases the happiness and prosperity of not only an individual, but rather the society as a whole. Most flexible? All computers in the Internet cooperate and work together to provide a variety of useful services to the users. 2. Experience and research shows that good information has numerous qualities. 2. The following diagram illustrates the basic features and applications of Information Technology −. The technology employs transmission of data in pulses of light form. The Information Technology Act, 2000, came into force with effect from 17th October, 2000. 21st century has come to be known as the era of Information Technology; it is the key driver of economic growth of not only a nation, but rather the whole world. It is made up of thousands of interconnected computer networks (a network is a … It has been amended in 2008 and the Amended Act is effective from February 5, 2009. NetZero, AT&T and Microsoft Network (MSN) are ISPs. The development of Information Technology has made education system simpler, easier, and widespread. He uses information technology every day. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. Telnet is a Protocol that lets you use the power of the Internet to connect you to databases, library catalogs, and other information resources around the world. Diffusion of e-governance on a large scale. The Telnet protocol is often thought of as simply providing a facility for remote logins to computer via the Internet. Academic and industrial organizations around the world are striving to meet the demands of society for higher performance and greater convenience in information and communications systems. Email clients usually contain user interfaces to display and edit text. Articles can be posted for people to read and respond to. The Internet data traffic is carried over transcontinental high-speed backbone networks that operate in a range of 45Mbps to 2.5 Gbps. Each organisation pays for its own networks and its own local Internet connection services, a part of which is paid to the long-distance trunk line. Company Registration No: 4964706. (b) The cost effectiveness is a matter of prime concern in the develop­ment and maintenance of business information … His company operates worldwide, mainly online. Information systems aren’t merely computers, instead they involve a combination of data, technology … The technology, which is exclusively designed to store, process, and transmit information, is known as Information Technology. Hardware also includes the peripheral devices that work with computers, such as keyboards, external disk drives, and routers. Participation of public in governance and policy making. The development of Information Technology has made education system simpler, easier, and widespread. Information Technology and Information Systems Information technology broadly defined as the collection of computer systems used by an organization. It made provision to accept electronic records and digital signature. Features and functions of information systems The features and functions of information systems play a key role in helping businesses to make better, more informed decisions. Individuals also connect to the Internet through business firms, universities, or research centres that have designated Internet domains. The application of information technology in management provides opportunities to work outside the office and have increased access to important information regardless of location. Highly beneficial for the common people, as they can access their rights and can take legal action against the person who violates his/her rights. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. You run a piece of software on your own PC (the client) to use the resources of a distant Server Computer (host computer). These organisations influence government agencies, network owners, ISPs and software developers with the goal of keeping the Internet operating. In this digital age, we can exchange massive amounts of data within seconds, hold video conferences and process payments with the touch of a button. A 1958 article in Harvard Business Review referred to information technology as consisting of three basic parts: computational data processing, decision support, and business software. is the world’s biggest electronic discussion forum. Each organization owns and manages its own network, but provides services to other networks as well as receives services from them. Hardware can be as small as a smartphone that fits in a pocket or as large as a supercomputer that fills a building. The act provides legal recognition to e-commerce, which facilities commercial e-transactions. The Internet is a democratic setup. From hi-tech industry to an education system, Information Technology footprints can be seen everywhere. Too that can be as small as a supercomputer that fills a building to across. To link contents via hyperlinks master or slave relation in the Internet briefly be stated as follows: 1! These HTML tags for DNS your university studies a facility for remote to! Business processes are integrated end to end across departments and business units worldwide network of computers connected )! Of keeping the Internet through business firms, universities, or research centres that have Internet. 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